Abstract DI Vesile Yildiz
THE ANALYSIS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF SPATIAL STRUCTURE
The very rapid growth of cities during the 20th century has brought many problems to urban life. The trials to reach an ideal city in theory failed to succeed in application due to their lack of understanding the real dynamics of cities. The new technologies of the modern times allow people to save their body energy and reach very long distances with motorized modes of travel, which are dependent on mechanical energy. Use of energy, which has once created "optimal" settlement structures adapted to a human scale, has now dissolved cities and has distributed them over large areas. The study aims to analyze the relationship between city structures and mobility in terms of energy. In this study, the questions related to the problems of modern cities have been grouped in three levels: actual problems of cities, the city as a whole and the city as a combination of many parts. A methodology was used to find answers to these questions using a literature survey followed by detailed analyses. In the case study Ankara (Turkey), the necessary database, which is mainly dependent on survey studies, has been obtained from local government bodies in Ankara. The results of the detailed analyses prepared the background for the suggested model study. The proposed model, which is a tool for measuring the degree of dispersion in space and its relationship with the energy consumption, was developed for this research. The model was applied to the case study area, Ankara. The evaluation of this model for the case study gives us important clues to take into consideration for further planning studies and research.